Colds are one of the common illnesses in young children, especially in the cold season or when the weather is erratic. The treatment for this disease for young children is quite simple. Besides, mothers should also note a few measures to prevent colds effectively to keep your baby healthy.
What is a cold?
A cold, also known as the flu, is caused by one of more than 200 different viruses, of which the most common virus is the Rhinovirus. Because the disease is caused by a virus, the use of antibiotics for treatment is ineffective.
For children who are in good health and have a cold, they may not need to see a doctor and will go away on their own after a few days. However, in cases of children with weak resistance and a weak immune system, they need to be treated promptly to avoid causing unwanted complications.
Children with colds often have the following signs: Sneezing a lot, snivel, weep, itching, sore throat, cough, unpleasant body, tired, fever (may or may not), may cause vomiting or diarrhea.
In a year, children can catch colds many times, especially during the cold season or when the weather is erratic.
What complications can a cold lead to?
When children have a cold due to colds, in many cases they may experience complications such as:
Sore throat: children from 6 to 15 months of age suffering from a cold can lead to sore throat with warning signs such as tonsillitis, sore throat, reddish throat area in the throat.
Acute ear infections: this is one of the common complications of a cold if not treated properly and promptly.
Sinusitis: When a child has a cold, the sinus congestion can cause the virus to develop and lead to sinus infection and sinusitis.
Pneumonia: this is a relatively dangerous form of complication. Therefore, if your child has any symptoms such as high fever, rapid breathing, coughing a lot, … they should be taken to the doctor immediately for diagnosis and treatment.
Treatment for colds for children: What to do?
Give children rest
Usually when you have a cold, the young body is always in a state of fatigue, discomfort therefore it is necessary to rest. If the child is of school age, the mother should give the child a few days off from school to rest, while also limiting the spread of cold virus to you.
Improve symptoms, reduce fever
If your child only has a low fever (below 38 degrees C), it is not necessary to use fever-reducing medicine. In the case of children with high or very high fever, parents should note that they should not arbitrarily choose antibiotics but take children to health facilities to limit the high fever leading to seizures.
Besides, mothers can also help children reduce cough by using mint, honey or lemon. Particularly with honey, it is only safe to use for children 2 years and older.
Additional water for children
Adding plenty of water for children and for children to eat liquid foods, easy to digest such as soup, porridge, … However, need to abstain from carbonated drinks.
Nasal hygiene for children
When a child has a cold, sometimes he or she will have a stuffy nose or difficulty breathing, then the mother can use physiological saline to clean the child’s nose. Note not to use nasal decongestants and nasal sprays for children.
Place 2-3 drops of physiological saline on each child’s nose and leave for 5 minutes. Then, clean the child’s nose with a nasal suction device. Finally, add 1 more physiological saline (2-3 drops) to disinfect.
Give children enough sleep
Children need to get enough sleep each day so that the body can recover quickly. Depending on the age, but usually children need to sleep from at least 8-12 hours a night.
Effective measures to prevent colds in young children
“Prevention is better than cure”. Parents should refer to the following measures to help children prevent colds most effectively.
Help children keep clean
Parents should remind children to keep clean, wash their hands with soap before eating or after sneezing. This can help prevent the spread of the disease and help children stay healthy.
Limit children to crowded places
Cold viruses can easily spread through the air. Therefore, limiting children to crowded places will help prevent colds.
In addition, the cold virus can also spread through an intermediary and can survive on the medium for several hours. Therefore, parents need to remind and avoid letting children touch objects in public places such as door knobs, stair railings, …
4.3. Pay close attention to the child’s body temperature
This is important in monitoring your child’s health. When children feel cold, the mother needs to quickly help her warm her body by wearing more clothes or raising the room temperature.
Children should not wear clothes that are too thin or too thick. Especially when going to bed, if wearing too thick clothes will make your baby sweat more and prone to colds.
Pay attention to ventilation and humidity in the child’s bedroom
The virus is easily penetrated when a child’s nasal mucosa is dry. Therefore, a reasonable humidity to maintain is at 60%.
At the same time, mothers should not be too abusive of air conditioners because the regular use of air conditioners can cause dirty air and create conditions for virus growth and development. Therefore, moms should open the window to circulate air every 3 hours.
When the weather is good, mothers should also let children out to breathe more outdoor air, helping to strengthen the immune system and immune system.
One of the important factors that helps prevent colds effectively in children is proper nutrition. To help children have a healthy body, moms should give children more fruits, vegetables and foods rich in vitamin C. In addition, mothers should also limit to children to drink or eat food in the refrigerator.
Colds are common in children, so parents do not need to worry but should calm down to handle them properly. In the case of self-treatment of colds for children but the symptoms do not improve, parents can take children to hospital for timely examination and treatment by doctors, avoiding complicated complications. magazine.